Self-Illuminated Normal mapped Diffuse
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 Reference Manual > Built-in Shader Guide > Self-Illuminated Shader Family > Self-Illuminated Normal mapped Diffuse

# Self-Illuminated Normal mapped Diffuse

One consideration for this shader is that the Alpha Channel of the Normal map also defines the Illumination Map.

## Self-Illuminated Properties

This shader allows you to define bright and dark parts of the object. The alpha channel of a secondary texture will define areas of the object that "emit" light by themselves, even when no light is shining on it. In the alpha channel, black is zero light, and white is full light emitted by the object. Any scene lights will add illumination on top of the shader's illumination. So even if your object does not emit any light by itself, it will still be lit by lights in your scene.

## Normal Mapped Properties

Like a Diffuse shader, this computes a simple (Lambertian) lighting model. The lighting on the surface decreases as the angle between it and the light decreases. The lighting depends only on the this angle, and does not change as the camera moves or rotates around.

Normal mapping simulates small surface details using a texture, instead of spending more polygons to actually carve out details. It does not actually change the shape of the object, but uses a special texture called a Normal Map to achieve this effect. In the normal map, each pixel's color value represents the angle of the surface normal. Then by using this value instead of the one from geometry, lighting is computed. The normal map effectively overrides the mesh's geometry when calculating lighting of the object.

### Creating Normal maps

You can import a regular grayscale image and convert it to a Normal Map from within Unity. To learn how to do this, please read the Normal map FAQ page.

### Technical Details

The Normal Map is a tangent space type of normal map. Tangent space is the space that "follows the surface" of the model geometry. In this space, Z always points away from the surface. Tangent space Normal Maps are a bit more expensive than the other "object space" type Normal Maps, but have some advantages:

1. It's possible to use them on deforming models - the bumps will remain on the deforming surface and will just work.
2. It's possible to reuse parts of the normal map on different areas of a model; or use them on different models.

## Diffuse Properties

Diffuse computes a simple (Lambertian) lighting model. The lighting on the surface decreases as the angle between it and the light decreases. The lighting depends only on the this angle, and does not change as the camera moves or rotates around.